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Essays determinants components savings developing countries

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Essays on the Determinants of Components of Savings in Developing

Analysis and Interpretation of Birth of Venus by Botticelli. Essays Developing. A unique mythological painting from the Renaissance in Florence, and the first non-religious nude since classical antiquity, The Birth of Venus ( Nascita di Venere ) belongs to the group of mythological pictures painted by Sandro Botticelli (1445-1510) in the 1480s, following his return from Rome after completing three fresco paintings in the Sistine Chapel for Pope Sixtus IV. The other mythological works include Pallas and the Centaur (c.1482, Uffizi Gallery, Florence), Venus and Mars (1483, National Gallery, London), and essay shared reading La Primavera (1484-6, Uffizi). Like these works, The Birth of Venus (1484-86) remains one of the profound treasures of the determinants, Florentine Renaissance. The work, painted with tempera on canvas, depicts the market paper, female nude figure of the goddess Venus standing on dry land having emerged from the essays determinants, sea. Paper. It was commissioned by Lorenzo the Magnificent (1449-92) of the Medici Family, whose quattrocento humanist circle was particularly interested in classical mythology, and components savings developing countries marks the culmination of the revival of ancient myths, within the context of a humanistic Renaissance art. A perfect example of the a long essay, type of picture targeted by the Dominican monk Savonarola, in his virulent 4-year campaign against profanity and frivolity (1494-8), the determinants components developing, painting miraculously survived the monk's bonfire of the vanities in 1497. This, despite its obviously pagan narrative and the fact it contained one of the first full length female nudes since the classical era.

This good fortune enables us to assign tasks enjoy one of the essays determinants components savings, greatest Renaissance paintings by one of the most stylish of early Renaissance artists. According to the classical poet Hesiod, Venus was conceived when Chronus castrated his father, the God Uranus, whose severed organs fertilized the sea. Kudler Research Paper. But Botticelli received additional inspiration from the Florentine poet, humanist and classical scholar Angelo Poliziano (1454-94), protege of Lorenzo Medici, who wrote about this scene in his epic poem Stanze per la Giostra. He described Venus as being driven towards the shore on a shell by Zephyrus, god of the wind, while the Horae of the determinants components savings, seasons stood on the shore in white, flowing garments. No doubt Botticelli borrowed from these and other accounts.

At any rate, The Birth of Venus depicts the moment when, having emerged from the sea in a shell, Venus lands at Paphos in assign tasks Cyprus. She is determinants components developing, blown towards the shore by Zephyrus - god of the winds - and the breeze Aura, while a Hora of Spring stands on dry land poised to wrap a cloak, decorated with spring flowers, around Venus to cover her nudity. A wistful gaze under heavy eyelids lends the goddess an air of cool distance. The fine modelling and white flesh colour gives her the appearance of a statue, an impression fortified by her stance which derives from the sculpture of ancient Greece - in assign tasks effect, a more fluid version of the Medici Venus ( Venus Pudica ) (1st century CE, Uffizi Gallery, Florence) - a medium which was highly regarded in essays determinants components countries Florence at the time. Despite the slightly unusual dimensions of her body - the english essay, elongated neck and her overlong left arm - Botticelli's Venus is an incredibly beautiful woman with smooth, delicate skin and components savings developing golden curls. She is kudler, born to the world as the goddess of beauty, and the viewer is witness to this act of creation.

As she lifts a foot to step off her gilded shell, the winds shower her with roses - each with a golden heart (according to mythology the essays components savings, rose flowered for the first time when Venus was born) - while the orange blossom on the tree in the middle ground is kudler market paper, also fringed with gold. According to the ancient Greek philosopher Plato, Venus had two aspects: she was an earthly goddess who inspired humans to physical love, but on the other hand she was a celestial goddess who inspired humans to intellectual love. Plato also argued that contemplation of physical beauty enabled the human mind to comprehend spiritual beauty. This means that when 15th-century Neo-Platonic viewers looked at The Birth of Venus they would have felt themselves being inspired to contemplate spiritual (that is, divine) love. If this sounds somewhat airy-fairy, note that The Birth of countries Venus and other similar works by Botticelli and thesis others are now being seen as wedding paintings that recommend suitable behaviours for essays savings developing, bride and groom.

The Birth of Venus has attracted a number of other explanations from a variety of scholars, historians and related experts. The painting was inspired by a Homeric hymn published in Florence in thesis crm - 1488 by the Greek writer Demetrios Chalcondyles; it was associated with Venus Anadyomene (Venus Rising from the Sea), a lost masterpiece of the artist, Apelles, mentioned by the classical historian Pliny the Elder. Another explanation is that the painting was executed to flatter Lorenzo de' Medici, the powerful head of the essays determinants savings developing, Medici clan. The image of Venus in this picture (and also in La Primavera ) is quoting quote in an essay, supposedly modelled on the stunning Simonetta Cattaneo Vespucci, the alleged mistress of both Giuliano de' Medici and his elder brother Lorenzo. After all, was it mere coincidence that Simonetta was born in the Italian coastal town of determinants components developing Portovenere (in English: the port of Venus)?

Associating Lorenzo's mistress with Venus, triggered a number of other references, culminating in the equation of Lorenzo with Alexander the Great - a not unflattering comparison. Kudler Paper. The nudity of Venus echoes that of Eve in the Garden of Eden. This has led some commentators to speculate that Venus is a personification of the Christian Church. One should note, for instance, that the title of the Virgin Mary is essays components savings developing, stella maris: star of the reading, sea. Perhaps the components, sea gives birth to Venus just as the Madonna gives birth to Jesus Christ. In An. Painterly Methods: Gothic Meets Renaissance. Botticelli trained first as a goldsmith before being apprenticed to Fra Filippo Lippi (1406-69), the finest painter in Florence at the time, and noted in particular for his linear style of painting, his decorative motifs and pale lighting - a style, in short, which owed a great deal to the elegance and ornamentation of International Gothic art. Like his master, Botticelli was never fully reconciled to essays savings developing naturalism, either as a means or an end.

Thus unlike contemporaries such as Domenico Ghirlandaio (1449-94) or northerners like Andrea Mantegna (1431-06), he rarely gave weight and volume to his figures, and maintained a narrow perspectival space. Thus the figure of Venus (like her counterpart in La Primavera ), has an essay reading elongated neck and torso, while her classical contrapposto stance is gravitationally impossible. In short, realism is not high on Botticelli's agenda. He prefers to depict Renaissance humanism using the decorative aesthetics of the Byzantine tradition. (Compare the more naturalist contemporary painting Virgin of the determinants components developing, Rocks 1484-6, by Leonardo.) Thus he highlights her hair with gold leaf, as well as the quoting in an, shell and orange trees, and contrasts the determinants components, milk-like purity of her skin with the richly decorated draperies of the proffered wrap. The combination of cutting-edge humanism and Byzantine/Gothic decoration makes The Birth of Venus one of the greatest paintings of the Italian Renaissance. Hunterstone Thesis Crm -. For more information on essays components developing Italian art of the quattrocento , please see: Best Renaissance Drawings and Renaissance Colour Palette. Savonarola and Botticelli's Breakdown. For years Savonarola had criticized Lorenzo de Medici for corrupting the people with music, plays, art, and other vanities' of life. Genetically Modified Foods. After Lorenzo's untimely death in essays determinants developing 1492, Savonarola and survival of the fittest his followers succeeded in seizing control of the city government, whereupon the Medici were immediately banished from the city.

After this, Savonarola maintained a four-year reign of fanaticism and terror. Botticelli himself was so influenced by Savonarola's sermons that he suffered a nervous breakdown - caused by guilt at painting pagan, mythological works - and even abandoned fine art painting for a while. The peak of Savonarola's power was reached in 1497. During the carnival that preceded the Lenten season, his followers built a huge 7-storey pyre in the Piazza della Signoria , containing thousands of vanity items including books, paintings, sculpture, mirrors, cards, dice, jewellery, and other objects. The painters Fra Bartolommeo and Lorenzo di Credi even brought their own paintings to this Bonfire of the essays determinants components savings countries, Vanities, around which monks and citizens performed a frenzied dance. Despite Savonarola's excommunication and execution in 1498, Botticelli's painting became noticeably more Christian and more spiritual. Essay Shared Reading. The phase of essays components developing his glorious humanist expressionism, which so enriched Early Renaissance painting in genetically modified foods essays Florence, was over.

Explanation of Other Mythological Paintings. #149; Sleeping Venus (1510) Gemaldegalerie Alte Meister, Dresden. #149; Jupiter and Io (1533) Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna. By Agnolo Bronzino. By Nicolas Poussin. #149; For more about essays determinants components savings developing, fine art painting, see our main index: Homepage.

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Essays on the Determinants of Components of Savings in Developing

In Theory Bakhtin: Carnival against Capital, Carnival against Power. On International Worker's Day , Saturday 1st May 2010, the Four Horsefolk of the Post-Capitalist Apocalypse. In the second and final part of essays determinants components developing countries, his essay on modified, Mikhail Bakhtin, political theorist Andrew Robinson reviews, and critiques, one of the central concepts in the Russian thinker’s work: the Carnivalesque. Carnival and carnivalesque. In Rabelais and his World , Bakhtin discusses carnivalesque (or ‘folk-humour’,) a particular speech-genre which occurs across a variety of cultural sites, most notably in carnival itself. A carnival is a moment when everything (except arguably violence) is permitted. It occurs on the border between art and life, and essays developing, is a kind of of the fittest essay, life shaped according to a pattern of play.

It is usually marked by displays of excess and grotesqueness. It is a type of components savings developing, performance, but this performance is communal, with no boundary between performers and audience. Fittest Essay! It creates a situation in which diverse voices are heard and interact, breaking down conventions and essays determinants components, enabling genuine dialogue. It creates the chance for a new perspective and a new order of things, by showing the relative nature of all that exists. The popular tradition of carnival was believed by Bakhtin to carry a particular wisdom which can be traced back to the ancient world. For Bakhtin, carnival and carnivalesque create an alternative social space, characterised by freedom, equality and abundance. During carnival, rank (otherwise pervasive in medieval society) is abolished and everyone is equal. Quoting A Long Quote! People were reborn into truly human relations, which were not simply imagined but experienced. Essays Determinants Developing Countries! The body is here figured not as the individual or ‘bourgeois ego’ but as a growing, constantly renewed collective which is exaggerated and essay shared, immeasurable. Essays Components Savings Developing! Life manifests itself not as isolated individuals but as a collective ancestral body.

This is not, however, a collective order, since it is also continually in change and renewal. The self is also transgressed through practices such as masking. Carnival is a kind of syncretic, ritualised pageantry which displays a particular perspective. It is a brief moment in which life escapes its official furrows and enacts utopian freedom. It is a form of life at once real and ideal, universal and without remainder. Its defining feature is festivity – life lived as festive. It is also sanctioned by the highest ideal aims of human existence, not by the world of practical conditions. Carnival is also taken to provide a positive alternative vision. It is not simply a deconstruction of dominant culture, but an alternative way of foods, living based on a pattern of play.

It prefigured a humanity constructed otherwise, as a utopia of abundance and freedom. It eliminated barriers among people created by hierarchies, replacing it with a vision of mutual cooperation and equality. Individuals are also subsumed into a kind of lived collective body which is constantly renewed. On an countries affective level, it creates a particular intense feeling of assign tasks, immanence and unity – of savings developing countries, being part of a historically immortal and uninterrupted process of becoming. It is a lived, bodily utopianism distinct from utopianisms of inner experience or abstract thought, a ‘bodily participation in the potentiality of another world’. The golden age is lived, not through inner thought or experience, but by the whole person, in thought and survival fittest, body. An emphasis is placed on basic needs and the body, and on the sensual and essays determinants countries, the senses, counterposed perhaps to the commands of the will. It lowers the spiritual and abstract to thesis tools, the material level.

It thus recognises embodiment, in contrast with dominant traditions which flee from it. Prefiguring James Scott’s analysis of ‘hidden transcripts’, Bakhtin portrays carnival as an expression of essays components savings, a ‘second life’ of the people, against their subsumption in assign tasks, the dominant ideology. Ir replaces the false unity of the dominant system with a lived unity in contingency. It creates a zone in which new birth or emergence becomes possible, against the sterility of dominant norms (which in their tautology, cannot cretae the new). It also encourages the return of repressed creative energies. It is joyous in affirming that the determinants components savings norms, necessities and/or systems of the present are temporary, historically variable and relative, and one day will come to an end. Reading this in a contemporary way, we might say that carnival is expressive rather than instrumental. It involves the expression of latent aspects of humanity, direct contact among people (as opposed to alienation), and an eccentric refusal of social roles.

It brings together groups and categories which are usually exclusive. Time and space are rearranged in ways which show their contingency and indissolubility. All of this is done in a mood of celebration and laughter. In carnival, everything is rendered ever-changing, playful and undefined. Hierarchies are overturned through inversions, debasements and profanations, performed by normally silenced voices and energies. For instance, a jester might be crowned in place of a king.

The authoritative voice of the dominant discourse loses its privilege. Humour is counterposed to the seriousness of officialdom in such a way as to market, subvert it. Carnival bridges the gap between holism (which necessarily absorbs its other) and the imperative to essays components savings, refuse authority (which necessarily restores exclusions): it absorbs its authoritarian other in a way which destroys the threat it poses. It is also simultaneously ecological and social, absorbing the self in modified, a network of relations. Bakhtin insists that it opposes both ‘naturalism’, the idea of a fixed natural order, and ideas of fixed social hierarchies.

It views ecology and social life as relational becoming. Perhaps a complete world cannot exist without carnival, for savings such a world would have no sense of its own contingency and relativity. Although carnival succeeded in undermining the kudler feudal worldview, it did not succeed in overthrowing it. Feudal repression was sufficient to determinants components, prevent its full utopian potential from unfolding. Research! But it is essays, as if it created a space and bided its time. Bakhtin suggests that it took the social changed of the Renaissance era (the 15th-16th centuries) for carnival to expand into the whole of social life. The awareness of of the fittest english, contingency and natural cycles expanded into a historical view of developing countries, time. This occurred because social changes undermined established hierarchies and put contingency on display.

Medieval folk culture prepared the way for this cultural revolution. Bakhtin almost portrays this as a recuperation of carnivalesque: it was separated from folk culture, formalised, and made available for other uses. Research! Yet Bakhtin portrays this as a positive, creative process which continues to carry the creative spirit. Bakhtin suggests that carnival and folk culture have been in decline since the eighteenth century. Carnivals have turned into state-controlled parades or privatised holidays, humour and swearing have become merely negative, and the people’s ‘second life’ has almost ceased. Developing! However, Bakhtin believes that the carnival principle is indestructible. It continues to reappear as the inspiration for areas of life and culture. Carnival contains a utopian promise for human emancipation through the free expression of thought and creativity. Rabelais stands out here for a style which is irreducibly unofficial and unserious, and irrecuperable by authoritarianism. Carnival and the Grotesque. Carnivalesque images often use an approach Bakhtin terms ‘grotesque realism’, drawing on the idea of the grotesque.

This style transgresses the boundaries between bodily life and assign tasks, the field of art, bringing bodily functions into essays determinants components savings the field of art. It also celebrates incompleteness, transgression and the disruption of expectations. It often performs a kind of symbolic degradation aimed at bringing elevated phenomena ‘down to earth’ – to the material, bodily or sensuous level. This was not conceived as an absolute destruction but as a return to the field of reproduction, regeneration and rebirth. The spirit of quote in an essay, carnival was personified as a fat, boisterous man who consumed vast quantities of determinants components countries, food and alcohol – similar to market, Dickens’ Ghost of Christmas Present. The carnival body is seen as transgressing and outgrowing its own limits. This effect is achieved by emphasising the orifices and essays countries, practices which connect the body to the world: eating, drinking, fucking, shitting, birth, and so on. This is quote, viewed as a kind of essays components savings developing, “materialism”. The “material” in this excessive, consumptive, reproductive and bodily sense must be contrasted with the material conceived in terms of privatisation and accumulation, as well as in contrast to its medieval adversary, the spiritual or ‘higher’ plane. In capitalism, the assign tasks body breaks away from the essays determinants components generating earth and people.

Later uses of grotesque realism in kudler research, literature tend to lose the universalist and holistic implications of the essays determinants components savings developing folk view of the body. Instead of finished forms, the different forms of life – animal, plant, human – are portrayed as incomplete and as passing into one another (think, for instance, of shared reading, gargoyles with mixed human-animal features. This testifies to a view of being as incomplete). Bakhtin believes that the grotesque is counterposed to the classical aesthetic of ready-made, completed being. The carnivalesque body in contrast expressed ideas of determinants countries, simultaneous death and kudler research paper, rebirth. Essays Components Savings Developing! It is essay, counterposed to the classicist idea of essays determinants components savings countries, art as the genetically essays pursuit of the sublime. In medieval times, Bakhtin believes, carnival expressed an entire folk cosmology or perspective which was usually hidden. In this worldview, the earth itself is essays determinants developing, a kind of grotesque, fertile body. Quoting Essay! Laughter, counterposed to the monolithically serious official world, is also part of this phenomenon. There is also a vision of time involved, which treats the new and the future as sites of regeneration and abundance.

This contrasts with official ideas of a past ideal time or a timeless order. The dominant worldview of medieval Europe was of a natural order which is developing, hierarchical, stable, monolithic and immutable, but poised on the brink of disaster or ‘cosmic terror’, and hence in need of kudler paper, constant maintenance of order. This is similar to Aristotle’s view. For Bakhtin, such a view is oppressive and intolerant. It closes language to determinants savings countries, change. The fear of genetically modified foods essays, ‘cosmic terror’, the essays savings countries pending collapse of order if things got out of control (or the threat posed by research paper the Real to the master-signifier), was used by elites to justify hierarchy and to subdue popular revolt and critical consciousness. Today, we might think of this vision of monolithic order in essays determinants, terms of quoting a long in an essay, fantasies of ‘broken Britain’, of civilisation under siege from extremists, and essays determinants components savings developing countries, a discourse of risk-management (and the crisis-management of ‘ungovernability’) in which ‘terrorism’, disease, protest, deviance and natural disaster fuse into a long in an a secularised vision of cosmic collapse. This vision of collapse has infiltrated legal and political discourse to such a degree that any excess of state power seems ‘proportionate’ against this greater evil.

The folk view expressed in carnival and carnivalesque, and related speech-genres such as swearing and popular humour, opposes and subverts this vision. For Bakhtin, cosmic terror and the awe induced by the system’s violent power are the mainstays of its affective domination. Folk culture combats the fear created by cosmic terror. The celebration of the immortal collective body in carnival bolsters fearlessness. The amorphous fears are brought ‘down to essays developing countries, earth’ through parody and degradation, turned into something worldly which can be overcome, stripped of its metaphysical pretensions. It tends to produce a complete liberty conditioned on survival fittest essay, complete fearlessness. Against the timeless force of becoming, the pretensions of serious officials and essays components, rulers, and even of one’s own serious self and ego, seem irrelevant and comical. Reading! Laughter overcomes fear because it is uninhibited and determinants developing, limitless. Hunterstone Crm -! Carnival is differentiated from other kinds of humour because the essays countries crowd also includes itself in the world which is mocked, and survival of the fittest english, which is reborn.

According to Bakhtin, the grotesque is widespread in folk culture, from the giants and demons of myth to colloquial swearing and essays, insults. Curses, parody and survival of the fittest, debasing are used to subvert the stabilising tendencies of determinants, dominant speech-genres. Today’s swearing retains only the remainders of this culture, since it keeps only the destructive and not the reproductive elements. Still, its continuing attraction shows that it carries the remnants of the kudler paper energy of folk culture and carnival. The culture of the ‘marketplace’ also figures in Bakhtin’s account of carnival.

In contrast to today’s use of the ‘market’ to signify official discourse, the medieval market was a site of developing countries, transgressive discourse. This may explain how the rising capitalists were able to use references to the market to hegemonise popular strata. Today, a genre similar to carnivalesque appears in shows such as South Park and Monty Python. The grotesque also remains widespread in various fields of art, and many examples can be found. It is, however, against kudler research Bakhtin’s method to treat all instances of carnivalesque or grotesque as equivalent to their historical precedents. Everything must be re-examined as a product of its own context. Today’s Bakhtinians often read such phenomena in directly Bakhtinian terms. It is likely, however, that Bakhtin would have seen in them a pale, individualised and spectacularised shadow of the original culture of carnival. He would nevertheless recognise that they contain some of the essays determinants developing countries energy of the original. Carnival and Contingency: Bakhtin’s Place in Critical Theory.

Carnival in Bakhtin’s account is a kind of de-transcendence of the world, the replacement of the fixed order of language – held in place by a master-signifier or ‘trunk’ – with a free slippage of assign tasks, signifiers in a space of immanence. The contingency of being/becoming can be embraced as an ecstatic potential, but it can also figure in literature as a horrifying monstrosity, as in the works of HP Lovecraft, and more broadly in the horror genre. Does this express an unconscious longing for countries carnival which is at the same time disturbing to other layers of the psyche? We are here in the field of the dispute between affirmative theories of contingency (such as Bakhtin, Nietzsche, Negri, Deleuze, and Bey) against negative theories of contingency for which the openness of the ‘Real’ or the finitude and contingency of kudler, existence is always threatening (a repetition of the ‘cosmic terror’ Bakhtin critiques, ranging from Schmitt, Burke and Hobbes to Heidegger, Lacan and Laclau). Why is contingency not universally celebrated, in components savings countries, a carnivalesque spirit? According to Reich, active force becomes threatening through being associated, as a result of authoritarian conditioning, with repressed desires and fear of authority. There are also questions of the effects of carnivalesque decomposition on genetically, one’s own ego or sense of self, on identities, and on habitual social practices or familiar spaces. Theories with an affirmative view of contingency tend to share with Bakhtinian carnival a belief in an eternal creative force which unfolds in difference – active force in Deleuze and Nietzsche, constitutive power in Negri, the instituting imaginary in Castoriadis and so on. Theories with a negative view, in contrast, believe in an eternal need for order which is determinants countries, constantly threatened by the contingent nature of existence.

The establishment of order occurs with the decision, the master-signifier and so on. Between these positions, a lot depends on whether the ‘evil’ of disorder is sufficient to outweigh the effects of essays, repression. It seems to essays determinants savings developing countries, do so only from the standpoint of the privileged. From the quoting quote in an essay standpoint of the excluded, it just makes things worse: the excluded are left with both disorder and repression. Bakhtin’s challenge is deeper than this, however. Bakhtin believes ‘disorder’ can be affirmative. For Bakhtin, immanence is non-threatening because it is associated with the dialogical nature of language. Because networks and connections continue to be performed in a space of dialogical immanence, the loss of transcendence is not a loss of meaning, life, or social being.

This reverses the Hobbesian account: rather than social death ensuing from the chaos of the collapse of meaning, social death is an effect of the artificial separation, rigidity and essays determinants savings, silencing which result from transcendence. As Benjamin has argued, disaster is not waiting on the edge of existence; the present is the disaster. Authors such as Michael Holquist reduce the radicalism of Bakhtin’s immanence by suggesting that monologue remains necessary to his thought, as the point against assign tasks which transgression occurs. Bakhtin certainly takes aspects of language-use such as speech-genres and the self-other gap to essays determinants components, be universal, but he affirms the possibility of a radically different type of genre which is open to its own deconstruction. Each person necessarily has a perspective or frame, but these frames do not need to a long quote essay, be unified, nor are they necessarily unchanging.

A rhizomatic world such as carnival has its perspectives, frame, and components countries, patterns. It does not engender an existentialist ‘lightness of being’. But, precisely because these patterns are dissensual, holistic, reflexive, consciously relative and situated, they create a kind of freedom. This is neither a repetition of monologue, nor its redemption through recognition of its own contingency. It is an entirely different perspective in which dialogue and immanence are actualised. Bakhtin’s account of carnival is criticised by some authors, such as Max Gluckman, Victor Turner and Roger Sales, for ignoring carnival’s temporary character. Survival! For such critics, carnival is a kind of safety-valve through which people let off steam.

It ultimately sustains and determinants components savings developing countries, is functional for the dominant system. It might even reinforce dominant values by contrasting them with their opposites. Thesis Crm -! James Scott responds that, if this were the case, the powerful would be more sympathetic to carnival than was actually the case. Also, carnivals did, in fact, sometimes pass over into rebellion. And rebellions often used symbolism borrowed from carnival.

It should be added, however, that not every carnivalesque act is emancipatory, because sometimes, it can disinhibit reactive desires arising from the system. Components Savings Developing Countries! Bakhtinian theory is sometimes used to defend texts which arguably reproduce dominant values, but do so in an ‘ironic’ or ‘humorous’ way. This happens because of the layers of prohibitions: the system often promotes something (such as sexism), then inhibits its unconstrained expression. Hierarchies were perhaps simpler in medieval times. We get into complexities today around the distinction between ‘true’ transgressions and those which repeat dynamics of the assign tasks system at a deeper level. Components Developing! The system can use such ‘false’ transgressions to channel the hunterstone tools carnivalesque into its own reproduction. Consider, for instance, how the transgressiveness of football culture has been displaced into the fascism of the essays determinants components EDL. The tendencally resistant space of thesis, fan culture, by being displaced through repression, is turned into the pseudo-transgression of performative racism. At one level, racial abuse is essays determinants components savings developing, transgressive (of liberal norms), but on another, it reproduces dominant structures (of underlying racism). Such displays are similar to true carnival in their excess and a long quote in an essay, expressiveness, but they ultimately uphold the transcendentalism of the determinants savings in-group through transgressions which reinforce their privilege at the expense of an out-group.

This is especially clear from Theweleit’s work: reactionaries and fascists are terrified of being overwhelmed by the ‘floods’ and ‘bodies’ of interpenetration with the other, though they must constantly return to the point of the threat of interpenetration so as to ward it off. If carnival brings down to earth, its rightist transmutation plants heads firmly in clouds, making the self feel secure in its place by putting the other in her/his place. It belittles the other and not the self; or it belittles both, but in such a way as to keep the gap between them. Carnival has become an underpinning for activist initiatives such as the Clandestine Insurgent Rebel Clown Army, the survival of the fittest essay Laboratory of the essays savings developing Insurrectionary Imagination and Reclaim the Streets, particularly the hunterstone thesis tools Carnival against components savings developing countries Capital. The free party movement can also be seen as a reclamation of the spirit of carnival.

The carnivalesque style of activism emphasises the deconstruction of relations, including those between activists and police, to create an uncontrollable space. Survival Fittest English! Such tactics can be remarkably successful in disorienting and repelling the monologists of state power. Abby Peterson’s studies of the ethnography of determinants developing countries, militant social movements emphasise an affective structure similar to Bakhtin’s carnival. Reading! The experience of lived immediacy and determinants savings, joy is constructed through a movement orientation to the enacted event with no separation between actor and quote in an, audience. This serves as a means to integrate movements without reference to standard techniques of master-signification, though it does require ‘action spaces’ and in many cases adversaries. Components Developing! Peterson echoes Bakhtin’s idea of the immediacy of activist ‘rituals’ as something distinct from theatre or spectacle. Modified Foods Essays! David Graeber makes similar reference to puppetry and creativity in protets movements. Figures of carnivalesque immediacy can also be found in authors such as Hakim Bey and Feral Faun. One can also liken Bakhtin’s view of determinants savings countries, creating new combinations with Situationist practices of derive and essay reading, detournement. Similar strategies can also be seen in social movements such as La Ruta Pacifica, who use techniques of ‘social weaving’ to recompose a sense of empowerment against the fear caused by civil war and state terror.

Much of the state’s power is based on anxiety. The Bakhtinian hypothesis is that anxiety can be neutralised through joyous experiences of collective festivity. These occasions strip power of its performed mystification, breaking into its ideological reproduction. They show its contingency by components countries exposing it to ridicule and distortion. And they create a sense of counter-power through the permanence of the creative force of becoming, counterposed to the fixed order of being. It doesn’t so much confront state power as render it irrelevant and assign tasks, ineffectual. Whether this is effective may depend on essays countries, the tools the two sides have available to actualise their ideologies in spaces and assign tasks, practices.

State tactics such as kettling are specifically designed to instil terror, as an antidote to joy. The popular culture which provided the essays determinants savings developing basis for carnival is, in the most harshly capitalist countries, being destroyed by the penetration of the state into everyday life. It persists, of course, in many marginal settings. We should remember here that the Europe Bakhtin discusses was itself a periphery in thesis crm - tools, a world-economy focused on the Mediterranean. It is perhaps unsurprising, therefore, that its modes of resistance look like those of marginal sites today. Reclaiming contingency and carnival in essays determinants components savings developing, the dead heartlands of the core, where people are strongly invested in modified foods, their official identities and the preservation of an order which they believe protects them, is a more difficult task. Traditional carnivals continue to exist in places ranging from Germany and Notting Hill, London to the Caribbean and Brazil. Other related phenomena, such as holi in essays determinants developing countries, India, also persist.

While state regulation is a problem, such events still provide platforms for alternative visions and for political critique. One can also point to carnivalesque aspects in practices such as graffiti, which may bring ‘down to earth’ such contemporary sacred as police cars, banks, or corporate logos. And why do children so often add giant willies, sex-acts, or swear-words to street-signs? The grotesque, exaggerated body and hunterstone tools, the bringing down-to-earth of systemic abstractions are present even in such small, apparently apolitical gestures. They signify what is missing in the official picture – much as those who perform such acts are often excluded from the official world.

They create a full reality in which the world is restored to essays determinants components savings countries, its fullness and creativity. Overall, therefore, carnivalesque remains a potential counter-power in everyday life and activism, but is ‘cramped’ in its potential by the repressive construction of spaces of monologue. Medieval carnival was possible because the spaces it inhabited could be carved-out and defended through the ‘arts of hunterstone crm -, resistance’ and the power of the weak. There is a need to recompose such powers to resist, in developing, order to essay, recreate spaces where alternatives can proliferate. Click here for part one of components developing countries, this essay.

Andrew Robinson is a political theorist and activist based in the UK. His book Power, Resistance and Conflict in the Contemporary World: Social Movements, Networks and Hierarchies (co-authored with Athina Karatzogianni) was published in Sep 2009 by thesis crm - Routledge. His ‘In Theory’ column appears every other Friday. […] Part II will be published next week. […] Oct 19, 2011 20:24. Thank you for essays savings developing countries your very comprehensive work. There’s a lot to question and learn from this. Oct 24, 2011 21:48.

[…] vezes promove algo (como o sexismo), mas entao inibe a sua expressao irrestrita.Citacoes de: Bakhtin: Carnival against quoting quote essay Capital, Carnival against Power Previous post: Bullying no Sistema Escolar […] Nov 22, 2012 15:15. A lovely and educative discourse.i loves it and i look forward to read more of such. Dec 21, 2012 20:41. […] within acceptable limits. Trailers, as Lisa Kernan has pointed out, invite participation and a carnivalesque relaxation of polite spectation. In other words, we are free to resist and resistance is part of […] Feb 26, 2013 20:20. Jan 27, 2014 16:10. […] Bakhtin’s famous description suggests that the developing countries festival provokes a sense of the ‘carnivalesque’: but it is hard to imagine the subversive anarchy of the medieval festival happening within a modern proscenium arch.

However, Bakhtin’s suggestion that the festival creates a community is far more serviceable. The character of a festival then defines the nature of the community. […] Feb 4, 2014 19:41. […] groove and I didn’t get the inspirational, liberating side of dance music either. From the carnivalesque revelry of rural protests in medieval Britain to the anti-government raves of the late 80s and 90s, […] May 5, 2014 20:58. […] the Chapmans’ work is funny, and it creates engagement through employment of the carnivalesque. As political theorist Andrew Robinson writes, “Carnivalesque images often use an approach [Russian theorist Mikhail] Bakhtin terms […] Jun 18, 2014 15:31. […] PART 2: In Theory – Bakhtin: Carnival against Capital, Carnival against modified foods essays Power […]

Sep 10, 2014 19:47. Dec 31, 2014 12:04. andrew it was sparkling. tn q. Feb 15, 2015 12:33. Is there a list of references available anywhere? May 27, 2015 15:11. […] term carnival reminded me of the Russian literary critic Mikhail Bakhtin’s famous “Carnival and Carnivalesque”, a critique of the medieval carnival. Unlike medieval carnivals, which were literally celebratory […] May 28, 2015 8:08. […] term carnival reminded me of the Russian literary critic Mikhail Bakhtin’s famous “Carnival and Carnivalesque”, a critique of the medieval carnival. Unlike medieval carnivals, which were literally celebratory […]

May 28, 2015 10:32. […] term carnival reminded me of the components developing countries Russian literary critic Mikhail Bakhtin’s famous “Carnival and Carnivalesque”, a critique of the medieval carnival. Essay Reading! Unlike medieval carnivals, which were literally celebratory […] Sep 4, 2015 13:56. […] werden. Es ist der perfekte moderne Ausgestaltung Bachtins Konzept der karnevalesken. Countries! In ein Stück für Waffenstillstands Magazin schreibt Andrew Robinson, dass der karnevalesken “ist eine Art des Lebens geformt […] Sep 18, 2015 2:29. […] character hasn’t been transmogrified into depictions of of the, actions or glances that feed the world of savings developing countries, Bakhtinian Carnivalesque of which Herschell Gordon-Lewis and the Marquis de Sade would approve? What would make the staff […] Oct 17, 2015 16:25.

[…] In Theory Backhtin: Carnival against Capital , Carnival against Power [online] available from ceasefire magazine.co.uk/in-theory-bakhtin-2 [ 2 Oct […] Oct 26, 2015 17:24. Jan 11, 2016 9:26. […] A. (2011) In Theory Bakhtin: Carnival against Capital, Carnival against Power. [Online] Available from: https://ceasefiremagazine.co.uk/in-theory-bakhtin-2/. [Accessed: […] Feb 15, 2016 17:53. […] as any good theorist of comedy will tell you, comedy fades away pretty quickly if it seems as though the principle of survival of the essay, disruption […] Feb 16, 2016 12:54.

[…] carnival is a release-valve from the everyday, an opportunity to subvert the norm, and, engage in a Bakhtinian (if you’re pretentious) party before lent sets […] Thank you for the article on Bakhtin’s carnival theory. Does this carnival theory relate to occasions of mourning? Carnival is developing, often associated with festival or occasions of joy and humor. Can it be related to genetically, mourning occasion as well? Thanks in advance. Sep 7, 2016 23:35. […] is of no doubt is the variety on components savings developing countries, offer at this three-day event. In pure carnivalesque style, the Picnic provides the perfect backdrop for festival goers the chance to let go, lose their […] Oct 2, 2016 17:17.

[…] when the lower classes observed comic performances that mocked the higher classes. Paper! In the essay “In Theory Bakhtin: Carnival Against Capital, Carnival Against Power”, Andrew Robinson states “[f]or Bakhtin, carnival and determinants components countries, carnivalesque create an alternative social […] Mar 20, 2017 5:15. […] and Parades – Interview Claire Tancons Carnival, an of the upside down world Revolution as Carnival In Theory Bakhtin: Carnival against Capital, Carnival against Power Occupy Wall Street: Carnival Against Capital? Carnivalesque as Protest Sensibility Carnival to […]

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Why your PDF resume might be killing you. My allergies are absolutely killing me. The battle of my body versus my environment has now reached an annoying three weeks. Savings Countries? What’s worse is that this is the first year I’ve ever experienced an allergic catastrophe like I’m dealing with now. Seriously, it just came out of no where. But enough about me, time to talk about what might be killing you! For several years, I’ve been thinking of writing about the crm - tools, horror that a PDF resume can bring to job seekers. Essays Savings? For too long, I’ve been waiting for the right time or the right idea/inspiration to of the english essay, write about this menacing problem. However, FINS absolutely crushed this topic and beat me to essays determinants savings developing, the punch, so I feel I must review their post and pass it on to you.

I was recently quoted in FINS in a Cover Letter story , and while there, I noticed their very strong PDF v. Word post. While reading through, I knew it was going to be awesome when I saw one of survival essay, my best friends in the world, Sarah White, quoted in the piece. She’s brilliant and shows off her HR technology brain in the article. You can read the full post by clicking here , and determinants savings developing I invite you to check out my review of the quote in an essay, post below. If you weren’t aware already, most companies these days use an Applicant Tracking System (ATS) to receive, organize, review, and search the resume that you (and everyone) send in for essays components developing countries, the job. Ever apply to kudler market research, a job and receive an almost instant email back? Yep, that’s the ATS saying “howdy” to your face. As Sarah White mentions in the article, about 61% of essays components savings developing countries, North American companies have an kudler market research, ATS now , and essays components developing job seekers will find that more and more companies will start using them.

There are roughly 55 different ATS vendors on foods the market. Of those 55, only a few are able to translate the information from your PDF resume into their system. Essays Components Developing? This means that if their software can not detect your info, you are simply lost in assign tasks the mix. The company is just NOT able to search your resume or your name because your information is just blank in the system. Time For An Awesome Sarah White Quote:

I think you’re always safer using a Word document than a PDF, as well as sticking to essays determinants developing countries, .doc instead of .docx extensions. A PDF could potentially be readable, but you know a Word document will be read by hunterstone crm - tools, one of these systems. Almost every large company uses an ATS, so common sense must be on essays components savings developing your side. If the company employs more than 500 employees, they probably have an essay shared, ATS. Essays Determinants Components Savings? If you send a PDF resume and receive an automatic response, it might be in your best interest to apply again, this time with Word formatted resume. I know that the PDF resumes can look fun and make you seem techy and innovative, so use them when the company is also techy and innovative. Perfect example would be for a startup. Most startup companies can’t afford an ATS and probably just use a excel spreadsheet to keep track of everything. Essay? Feel free to send them your wacky and wild or pretty and determinants components fun PDF resume. Just be smart, and when applying to a larger organization use common sense and send your Word resume. When you opt for AppliView (http://www.appliview.com ) you will have a competitive advantage over thesis crm - tools many other firms.

That is because you will be able to hire the developing countries, best candidates into your company. Kudler Market Research? A lot of essays determinants developing countries, companies struggle hard to hire the finest in the industry. They look for thesis crm -, ways to avoid resume duplication and hefty placement fees. Great article. After learning about essays determinants savings developing resume screeners I didn€™t want to assign tasks, leave my application to determinants savings, chance, so I apply using Jobscan https://goo.gl/VBqdNR to make sure my resume is seen.

The reason people use pdf documents for quoting in an essay, resumes is to savings countries, protect the integrity of the information they provide. Personally, I trust no one. So how do you insure the integrity of the document once it leaves your computer if not by assign tasks, pdf? Very informative post. Most of the job seekers are not aware of essays determinants components savings countries, this ATS system. Thanks for the post. Visit following website, they deliver a beautiful resume of yourself. Do you want to kudler market research paper, track your CV once it leaves your mailbox.Please try http://www.cvticker.com. Well, we just can't win. Maybe this is one of the reason why more than 50 percent of the recruitment went to essays savings, failure. After all if you think about it a resume is just a piece of paper, do it in their way there's no biggie, we are the seekers and they are the choosers.

It's the reality. With all the kudler market research, people complaining, it's almost funny to be honest.. Like businesses not updating their Word programs when one comes out every couple of years(costing a very large amount of money) and facing some compatibility issues (like not being able to read .docx and such new formats), many large businesses will not update/change their text-scanning software and they will not be able to read stuff like .pdf no matter how 'easy' it apparently is to essays determinants, extract it. If it costs more money/time, they probably don't want to deal with it. And I don't blame them one bit.. As for hunterstone crm - tools, your I spent sooo much time designing this fancy resum© in .pdf, and essays savings developing countries why won't they read it? :'( the skipping out on kudler paper some resum©s probably helps these companies. Not only does it lower the number of resum©s(probably somewhere in the hundreds or thousands) that they have to scan through (thereby lowering the load on computers and determinants components savings the staff hired to look at genetically modified foods, resum©s), fancy .pdfs are going to have a higher file size than a simple .doc. The only place where I could see that being justified is in a small design business.

Otherwise, your pretty little .pdf means absolutely nothing to essays savings developing, them. Assign Tasks? You can make some very nice documents in most word processors if you know what you`re doing, it shouldn`t be a problem at all. Essays Determinants Countries? Use your design skills there(not really tech skills to be honest, anyone can use that program). Overall, a large business that needs a text-extractor will not care if your resum© is a little bit nicer than the others. They don`t care, in a place where they employ 1000 people if one singular person who was above average was cut out in favour of someone who was average. 0 poos given.

If you are trying to highlight yourself before you even get a job offer, do it by researching industry standards(such as this one) and use them to your advantage! You are now one of the 'x' number of people who didn`t get cut out by the text-scanning system for using a.pdf, congratulations! People, please stop whining, use this stuff to your advantage! @ Palkia The Office Open XML (DOCX, XLSX etc) standard was designed by Microsoft in essay shared 2006 for Office 2007. Determinants Savings Developing? Most businesses should have a version of thesis crm - tools, Word thats capable of opening a DOCX, as it's over 8 years old. XPDF, a FREE and open source PDF text extractor has been around since 1995.

There's zero excuse for these software packages to not extract text out of a PDF. This just absolutely upsets me in developing countries so many ways. Why are you recruiters depended on thesis crm - tools a system that refuses to adapt? I have been spending hours on essays my resume to quoting a long quote, stick out and just to find out that it simply doesn't matter what efforts I have made. Yes, I do use these key word in my resume because I was aware of the ATF searches but I had no idea about the PDF issue. Determinants Components Savings Developing? I had preferred to reading, submit my resume in determinants PDF because I created my resume on InDesign to highlight my tech and design skills. and plus I figured recruiter would have issues with layout if it was in thesis crm - tools a doc format.

I am sooo upset right now. Some digital age we are in. This is absolutely ridiculous. What kind of system is not reading my bloody resume in PDF. RETARDED DESIGN IDEA!! DO YOU KNOW HOW MANY PEOPLE ARE LOSING THEIR MINDS BECAUSE THEY DON 'T KNOW THIS CRUCIAL FUCKING REQUIREMENTS ?? IT 'S NOT LIKE THEY'RE IT TECHNICIANS!! @ huntingbird30 I literally crying. I have sent so many resumes in PDF because they were designed and I spent hours on it.. and to find out they won't be looked just makes me sooo angry!. I have sent over determinants components developing countries 1000 resumes under pdf not one response.

only in america lol. What about sending a simple version of the quoting in an essay, PDF resume, WITH the PDF resume? The simple version would have all formating removed, and would be the machine readable version, while the PDF itself would be the version the HR person would refer to. What about sending a simple version of the PDF resume, WITH the determinants components savings, PDF resume? The simple version would have all formating removed, and would be the machine readable version, while the PDF itself would be the version the HR person would refer to. Seriously? PDF text extraction is easy, there are a million open source tools for this with MIT license. Any program that is designed to hunterstone tools, scan text out of files that cannot read PDFs has some lazy ass programmers. We should not prepare the resumes format in the PDF's style.The recruiters won't allow this type of format. free pdf (lol) resume hosting at http://fresu.me. Hey this is a nice one.

Thanks for explaining it so brief. How to transfer car loan to my name? We don't scan for essays components developing countries, key words so in assign tasks our system it doesn't matter if it's a word doc. or pdf resume you upload. Essays Developing Countries? www.ikrut.com = recruitment just got free. Regarding PDF files. Disclosure: I have NEVER seen the recruiter side of an thesis crm - tools, ATS tool. There seems to be two ways to determinants countries, create a PDF: 1) print, scan, save 2) direct from software Option 1 would require OCR technology to convert the scanned picture to text. While this improved over tools the years it is not perfect and formatting will drive OCR nuts.

Option 2 usually embeds the components, raw text as well. These are the PDF files you can use the search function of the reader with. My assumption, I know how that can turn out, is that the ATS systems should be able to pull the essay shared, raw text from the computer generated file where Option 1 would cause issues. Regardless, why buck the savings, system? Use the .doc or .txt format when applying and avoid the issue.

If you want to research paper, publish your resume online and are concerned with someone modifying it then use the PDF format there or set the .doc file to read only. Just a thought. Rich, First, I really enjoy your site and developing countries your posts . eh, most of which I agree with. :-) Second, this PDF-v-DOC discussion is one that I have had with with many people over kudler the last several years as I lecture on essays components savings countries resume writing and online job searching here in the Atlanta area. I wrote a entry for my blog (http://wp.me/puGHZ-c8) about a year ago and discussed this very issue. But, like in my post, let me extend your warning comments to include the .ODT format as well as the .PDF format. Both are a challenge to current-day ATS platforms. For those of you not familiar with .ODT, it's the default file format for Open Documents created with a variety of Open word processing packages, such as Sun's Open Office suite. While it is a standard format (ISO/IEC), it's not broadly accepted on quoting a long essay ATS platforms yet without additional (sometimes costly) add-on packages.

So, as Rich (and others) has pointed out effectively, when applying on-line, the de facto standard for resume file formats continues to be .DOC (.DOCX is almost on-par with .DOC .. give it another year) -- stick with it for components developing countries, now. Keep the great posts coming along! Pardon my ignorance (I'm a job seeker, not a recruiter) but what do you mean by keywords of your industry? How can someone describe their experience and skills without using the same words as you may use to search for candidates? Are seekers and recruiters using such different language? How can I get a list of keywords for my industry, so I make sure my resume is tools written in essays determinants developing countries the language of hunterstone thesis crm - tools, recruiters? Many thanks. Use a word cloud tool like wordle.net or tagcloud.com to build a visual of the job descriptions. 1) find a job description that interests you 2) copy text 3) go to word cloud tool, paste text 4) look at visual representation of the words on the cloud. The keywords should be in a larger font Just a thought.

Rich, Great column! Just one question regarding, My allergies are absolutely killing me. Couldn't be allergic to corn, could you?! AMEN! It is determinants developing one of my biggest pet peeves, is havinbg PDF resumes. Hunterstone? The only thinkg that drives me over the edge is people who send the resume with the components countries, title of resume.doc. These people do not think anyone else use that defualt title. I used to a long quote in an essay, rename them to essays savings, be a nice recruiter, but when i have volumes of resumes coming in, in is easier to quoting quote in an, reject it since my ATS will not process it since there is ALWAYS one already in essays savings developing the database!

Hi Michael - Thanks for the comment and stopping by! YES, I hate generally titled resumes as well. I may need to write a post simply on that. Thanks! I have also found that it is good to place a list of key words at the bottom in very small type and assign tasks white characters that do not show up when printed however, many ATSs still pick up those key words when searching resumes. Essays Determinants Developing Countries? Just make sure those key words are relevant to assign tasks, the job and the industry otherwise they are of no use. Hey RBC - thanks for commenting. Excellent point about keywords. Essays Components Developing? Very important to note that ATS look for keywords and that's how people are found in the systme. Thanks. @rbc, if you are thoughtful in developing accomplishment-based bullets that include the thesis crm - tools, crucial keywords of your industry, then you won't need to rely on tricks such as white font, right?

Recruiters and employers will quickly lose respect (and the contact info) of candidates who can't play straight. Essays Developing Countries? You can also introduce keywords in quoting a long quote your Summary Statement (not objective statement). Don't spend your energy playing games, but rather, spend your energy creating useful and unique content. We have a saying here at ResuMAYDAY and essays components that's, give yourself the essays, best resume that you've EARNED. Essays Components Developing Countries? Nothing more, nothing less. With a bit of foods essays, wordsmithing and strategy, you won't have to resort to trickery. Great comment, ResuMAYDAY! Trickery is essays components savings developing certainly not ideal. Thanks for quoting in an, stopping by! Hi Rich - I always knew that job seekers should definitely have multiple formats of essays determinants savings developing, their resume, but I didn't realize that submitting .PDFs could be such a problem.

If a job seeker is emailing their resume, what do you think of attaching all the formats they have (or at least both a .Doc and .PDF)? Whenever there's an online system, the .Doc submission always works better, even if .PDF can be submitted. In those instances, it seems like the .Doc just translates better into the system. Thanks for the tips! - Corey Career Blogger at Urban Interns. Hey Corey - thanks for the comment. Attaching all of the formats may work if it's just through email. That's a good way to go about it if they know for hunterstone crm - tools, sure it's going to a recruiters inbox. The .doc is always best for essays savings, online submissions and assign tasks online systems. These systems are the ATS which basically shred up the PDF format. Thanks again! Rich, Great tip on .docx vs. Determinants Components Savings Developing? .doc.

It's something I suspected, but wasn't entirely sure. Thanks for the heads up. Shared Reading? Lee. Hey Lee - thanks for essays determinants savings countries, the comment. I'll give Sarah White the nod for thesis tools, that tip! That was from her brain! Thanks! Geez . just when I'd decided (based on other articles) that I was going to start sending out .pdf versions of determinants components, my resume, I read this! Frankly, I have a jam-packed resume, reflecting 30+ years of survival, experience in four or five (depending how one wants to slice-and-dice it) areas of the Communications field, and it has a nasty habit of developing countries, trying very hard to essay reading, push the components savings countries, last few items off the second page when left to the variables of how different systems display a .doc file.

Obviously, having a .pdf version keeps all the info where it's supposed to research paper, be . however, if nobody is actually READING these (either on-screen or in components savings countries a print-out), I guess it doesn't matter. Shared Reading? Heck, from determinants developing, reading the above I'm wondering if the no more than two pages rule is assign tasks still active . if it's a computer scanning my resume for determinants savings countries, keywords, I can spew out market research a 10-page EPIC of essays determinants, my professional life and stuff it to the gills with likely keywords. Essay Reading? Eh . anyway . you've convinced me to developing, keep attaching the .doc version for the time being! - B.T. Hey BTRIPP - I'm sorry to have made you start over on this! It may be a hassle, but it MIGHT Be your best option to switch to the word resume. KEEP both formats, but only assign tasks send the PDF to smaller companies.

Good luck! Excellent advice, Rich. First off, I completely, absolutely, 100 percent agree with everything you've written so don't take anything below as being at all contradictory but instead just additional to components savings countries, what you've written: 1. Erin's comment from a few minutes ago is one that we hear a lot. If she could only see what employers see when they're looking at their ATS then she'd understand. Most of the ATS software vendors seem to think that formatting is for wimps and what recruiters really want is a page of unformatted, straight text with no discernible columns, bullet points, numbering, etc. Modified Essays? So all that nice formatting like putting your dates of employment in one column and your job title and description in determinants components savings developing countries another so employers can read at a glance where you've been and survival of the fittest what you've done? Forget about it. It all mashes together.

So any benefit that she or other job seekers perceive being there from a PDF versus a Word document quickly vanishes as soon as that PDF is sucked into a typical ATS. 2. Determinants Components Savings Developing? In the 20 years since I founded this business, I've never talked with a recruiter who speaks highly of their ATS. Never. 3. I don't recall the exact percentage but it is kudler something like 60 percent of countries, resumes in ATS are essentially invisible to the recruiters using their ATS. The percentage was given to a long in an, me by essays components savings, the folks at Preptel, which have created a system which will convert the quoting in an essay, resume you post at essays determinants savings countries, a job board or other web site into a format that is compatible with each of the essay reading, major ATS and then posts your resume for you. Incredibly, putting dates in one column and job titles and descriptions in another -- like most resumes seem to essays determinants components countries, be -- is one of the biggest problems for survival english, the ATS. These resumes often end up with all of the information from the essays determinants components developing countries, first column (the dates) being lumped together in assign tasks one paragraph and then all of the information from the second column (job titles and descriptions) appearing at the bottom of the resume so the recruiter has no easy way of determining which dates go with which jobs. These ATS have only been around for 15 years. You'd think they'd care more about the determinants developing countries, candidates and their clients. Modified Foods Essays? If they did, you'd never see a problem like this.

By the way, we'll be implementing a partnership with Preptel this fall so candidates who apply to jobs on our site will have their resumes properly posted to the employer's ATS. Essays Components? 4. Genetically Modified Essays? If the employer's system allows you to do so, upload your resume as a PDF, Word document, AND a plain text document. Essays Components Savings Countries? Look long and hard at that last one. Quoting In An Essay? If you can read it on your screen, then the employer should be able to read it in their ATS. Plain text documents force you to trash all of those columns, bullets, etc. so what you end up with is a 1993-looking document that should be perfectly compatible with just about every ATS out there and components savings that will greatly increase your chances of the employer being able to find you.

5. Employers using ATS find candidates who have applied to jobs not by reading through a stack of resumes like so many candidates think but instead by keyword searching. An employer might receive hundreds or even thousands of resumes per day and many of them tell me that at least 90 percent are unqualified. Rather than wasting time reading through the kudler research, 90 percent, the employers try to find the essays determinants components savings, 10 percent by crm -, running keyword searches just like we all do when we go to Google, Bing, or Yahoo. But just like those searches, you often end up missing what you're searching for because you didn't use the right keyword phrase or the page that has the information you want didn't include the keyword phrase that you used when you were searching for it. So think about what keyword phrases the employer would use -- even if there's an idiot on determinants savings their end -- and essay shared then use those same phrases in your resume. Keep up the good work, Rich! What is the best thing to do if i have pdf resume? im not getting any response. Hey Steven - Anything you say I listen to. Disagreeing with me or not.

Not blowing smoke up your ass here, but I do tend to learn a thing or two from you when you speak (or type). I agree with you on your points. Specifically, ATS programs need to get better. I didn't like the determinants components savings, one we had, but I'll tell you that when we didn't have it, things were worse. It didn't complete solve the problem, but it helped me reach more people. I was more efficient in my job, and as the only recruiter for my company, I felt more in control. In regards to #3, I think recruiters are constantly trying to do their job better.

In our field, what slows us down is what we usually think about. Thesis? If something slows us down, we are to blame. For that reason, the ATS is critical. When it fails (which does happen), it hurts us. Determinants Savings? I think that's why many don't like their ATS, or at genetically modified, least want something better. Great points in #4.

Regards to #5, completely forgot to mention keywords in the post. Excellent! I shouldn't have wrote it at 3am! If recruiters aren't trained on key word searching, then they are missing out. But if they don't know what key words to search, then they probably have larger issues. Thanks again for the kind words and your thoughts! Seriously, WTF? It sounds like ATS systems are the dumbest thing on the planet, HR people hate them, and yet they keep using them because . . Essays Determinants Components Developing Countries? . Hunterstone Tools? why?

Why hasn't sheer demand forced the companies that make these systems create something acceptable? And yet job seekers are still expected to sift through endless conflicting sources of advice despite the fact that almost nothing they will do can give them a reasonable chance of not being rejected by an idiotic system? I suppose I am lucky that I am in an industry (architecture) where most firms are far too small to use such systems. At least if I am rejected, it's most often by a human being who has actually at essays determinants components, least glanced at my resume, instead of a computer system that doesn't properly do the job it was designed to do even half the time. Sheesh. Hey there, Rich, I'm interested in modified hearing more about essays savings developing countries Steve's #4 and your original point #3: If you send a PDF resume and fittest english essay receive an automatic response, it might be in your best interest to apply again, this time with Word formatted resume. I've thought about applying multiple times with different formats, but hesitated on the grounds that it would be redundant, annoying and perceived as unprofessional. You've changed my mind! I still have questions though: Steve's answer was limited to one application with multiple file formats, but it didn't exclude the multiple applications idea. What do you think of this idea, Steve? Also, Rich, your original point #3 is not be a popular alternative in developing countries the comments, and assign tasks I'm not sure why, since it appears to solve the file format problem nicely and increase visibility in essays savings developing the ATS.

Could you expound on this more, and kudler market research maybe take a stab at the reasons why someone might not use multiple applications? Also, do you have any resources about the various ATS systems in use? Where and how can I find information about the capabilities of each system? I understand the the rules of the determinants components savings developing countries, job hunt are not determined by me. I must humbly conform to the needs of HR representatives, and I do. That being said, I can still grumble grumble a little at this.

As a mac user (like many others), I save my resumes as PDFs before submitting. I can save as a Word doc, but I have had issues in assign tasks the past with formatting not saving properly. Components Countries? I find it hard to imagine that these HR professionals aren't aware that they are missing out on a number of candidates because of a PDF submission. Unless they are looking to hunterstone crm - tools, filter out essays components countries as many candidates as possible, why would they intentionally use a software that completely ignores a number of essay reading, candidates that may be the perfect fit for essays determinants savings countries, a position? Is it just that they don't understand the software or does it make their job easier by cutting the number of candidates? Can't say I like it, but I understand your point and will take your advice to submit .doc's going forward. Hi Erin - thanks for your comment!

Perfectly understand your grumbling, and you aren't alone. It's not something that I love about the system. It's just how it is. But I'll say this. Assign Tasks? As a resume reviewer, I care LESS about the format, than I do about the savings developing, content. The purpose of the ATS is to organize your information once you're in the system.

If your content is solid, I'll probably find you in there and review your information. If the assign tasks, format is messed up, I'll still consider you if the information is good. Components Savings Countries? Format is less important than content and grammar. That's key to understand. But. if you do have the PDF and it doesn't come through, then I'm not even able to read your content. A Long Essay? Why do people use it? A large company may receive 500 resumes per determinants components savings countries day. They simply can not open each one in an email. It would clog their email and they'd miss many people. Paper? It's not that recruiters don't understand the software, it's that the software doesn't understand PDF's.

That needs to change, and essays developing I'm sure in the next couple years that will absolutely change. Thanks again for your thoughts! […] Medicare fee schedule in effect for Calendar Years 2013 and 2014, or the fee schedule … Why your PDF resume might be killing you | Corn on the Job Aug 18, 2011 … This post explains why you should use a word format for your resume. … […]

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Essays determinants components savings developing countries

A Day in the Life of Oscar the Cat. David M. Components Savings Developing! Dosa, M.D., M.P.H. N Engl J Med 2007; 357:328-329 July 26, 2007 DOI: 10.1056/NEJMp078108. Essay Reading! Oscar the Cat awakens from his nap, opening a single eye to survey his kingdom. From atop the desk in the doctor's charting area, the cat peers down the two wings of the nursing home's advanced dementia unit. All quiet on the western and essays components countries, eastern fronts. Slowly, he rises and extravagantly stretches his 2-year-old frame, first backward and in an essay, then forward. He sits up and considers his next move.

In the distance, a resident approaches. It is Mrs. P., who has been living on the dementia unit's third floor for 3 years now. She has long forgotten her family, even though they visit her almost daily. Moderately disheveled after eating her lunch, half of which she now wears on her shirt, Mrs. P. is essays developing countries taking one of her many aimless strolls to nowhere.

She glides toward Oscar, pushing her walker and muttering to herself with complete disregard for her surroundings. Perturbed, Oscar watches her carefully and, as she walks by, lets out a gentle hiss, a rattlesnake-like warning that says “leave me alone.” She passes him without a glance and continues down the hallway. Oscar is relieved. It is not yet Mrs. P.'s time, and he wants nothing to do with her. Oscar jumps down off the desk, relieved to modified essays be once more alone and in control of his domain. He takes a few moments to drink from his water bowl and grab a quick bite. Satisfied, he enjoys another stretch and essays determinants components savings developing countries, sets out on his rounds. Oscar decides to head down the west wing first, along the way sidestepping Mr. S., who is slumped over on a couch in essay the hallway. With lips slightly pursed, he snores peacefully — perhaps blissfully unaware of where he is now living.

Oscar continues down the hallway until he reaches its end and Room 310. The door is closed, so Oscar sits and waits. He has important business here. Twenty-five minutes later, the door finally opens, and out walks a nurse's aide carrying dirty linens. “Hello, Oscar,” she says. “Are you going inside?” Oscar lets her pass, then makes his way into the room, where there are two people. Lying in a corner bed and facing the wall, Mrs. T. is asleep in essays developing a fetal position. Her body is hunterstone thesis tools thin and wasted from the breast cancer that has been eating away at her organs. She is mildly jaundiced and has not spoken in several days. Sitting next to her is essays determinants savings developing her daughter, who glances up from her novel to warmly greet the visitor. “Hello, Oscar. How are you today?” Oscar takes no notice of the woman and leaps up onto the bed.

He surveys Mrs. T. She is clearly in the terminal phase of illness, and her breathing is genetically modified foods labored. Oscar's examination is components savings interrupted by a nurse, who walks in to ask the daughter whether Mrs. T. is uncomfortable and needs more morphine. The daughter shakes her head, and the nurse retreats. Oscar returns to his work.

He sniffs the air, gives Mrs. T. one final look, then jumps off the bed and quickly leaves the room. Not today. Assign Tasks! Making his way back up the hallway, Oscar arrives at Room 313. Essays Countries! The door is open, and he proceeds inside. Mrs. K. is resting peacefully in her bed, her breathing steady but shallow. She is surrounded by survival of the fittest, photographs of essays determinants savings, her grandchildren and one from her wedding day. Despite these keepsakes, she is alone. Oscar jumps onto her bed and again sniffs the air.

He pauses to consider the situation, and of the english essay, then turns around twice before curling up beside Mrs. Essays Determinants Savings Countries! K. One hour passes. Oscar waits. A nurse walks into the room to check on her patient. She pauses to note Oscar's presence. Concerned, she hurriedly leaves the room and returns to assign tasks her desk. She grabs Mrs. Essays Savings Countries! K.'s chart off the medical-records rack and begins to make phone calls.

Within a half hour the family starts to arrive. Chairs are brought into the room, where the relatives begin their vigil. The priest is a long called to deliver last rites. And still, Oscar has not budged, instead purring and savings developing, gently nuzzling Mrs. Hunterstone Thesis! K. A young grandson asks his mother, “What is the cat doing here?” The mother, fighting back tears, tells him, “He is here to components developing countries help Grandma get to heaven.” Thirty minutes later, Mrs. K. Assign Tasks! takes her last earthly breath.

With this, Oscar sits up, looks around, then departs the room so quietly that the grieving family barely notices. Components Countries! On his way back to the charting area, Oscar passes a plaque mounted on the wall. On it is engraved a commendation from a local hospice agency: “For his compassionate hospice care, this plaque is awarded to a long quote essay Oscar the Cat.” Oscar takes a quick drink of water and returns to his desk to curl up for a long rest. His day's work is essays determinants components countries done. There will be no more deaths today, not in Room 310 or in any other room for that matter. After all, no one dies on the third floor unless Oscar pays a visit and stays awhile. Note: Since he was adopted by staff members as a kitten, Oscar the Cat has had an uncanny ability to predict when residents are about to die. Thus far, he has presided over the deaths of more than 25 residents on the third floor of Steere House Nursing and Rehabilitation Center in Providence, Rhode Island. His mere presence at the bedside is viewed by physicians and nursing home staff as an almost absolute indicator of impending death, allowing staff members to a long essay adequately notify families.

Oscar has also provided companionship to determinants components developing those who would otherwise have died alone. For his work, he is highly regarded by the physicians and staff at Steere House and by the families of the residents whom he serves . Dr. A Long In An Essay! Dosa is a geriatrician at Rhode Island Hospital and an assistant professor of medicine at the Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University — both in Providence. Essays Components Savings Developing! Monica Fliedner. . (2017) Einbindung von Palliative Care in die onkologische Versorgung. Pflegezeitschrift 70 :8, 38-42. Piotr Szawarski. . (2016) Classic cases revisited: Oscar the cat and predicting death. Journal of the Intensive Care Society 17 :4, 341-345. George E. Dickinson, Heath C. Hoffmann. . (2016) The Difference Between Dead and Away: An Exploratory Study of Behavior Change During Companion Animal Euthanasia. Journal of essay, Veterinary Behavior: Clinical Applications and Research . Gianfranco Giordo. . (2016) The sense of the body in determinants savings countries the dream: Diagnostic capacity in the meanings of dreams.

The International Journal of Psychoanalysis 97 :2, 281-304. 2016. Bibliography. Genetically Modified Foods Essays! Metabolomics and Microbiomics, 107-124. Marc Philippe van der Schee, Tamara Paff, Paul Brinkman, Willem Marinus Christiaan van Aalderen, Eric Gerardus Haarman, Peter Jan Sterk. . (2015) Breathomics in Lung Disease. Chest 147 :1, 224-231. Essays! B. Thesis Crm -! Vasarhelyi. . Developing Countries! (2014) Soluble urokinase plasminogen activator receptor, the candidate prophetic biomarker in severe inflammatory response syndrome. Journal of essay shared reading, Internal Medicine , n/a-n/a.

Jessica Pierce. . (2013) The Dying Animal. Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 10 , 469-478. Robert Bublak. . (2013) Tierisch gute Mediziner. DNP - Der Neurologe und Psychiater 14 , 16-17. Robert Bublak. . (2013) Tierisch gute Mediziner. HNO Nachrichten 43 , 10-11. Robert Bublak. . Essays Determinants Components Savings Developing Countries! (2013) Tierisch gute Mediziner.

Orthopadie Rheuma 16 , 14-15. Robert Bublak. . (2013) Tierisch gute Mediziner. hautnah dermatologie 29 , 208-209. Robert Bublak. . (2013) Tierisch gute Mediziner. Uro-News 17 , 24-27. Robert Bublak. . (2012) Tierisch gute Mediziner. MMW - Fortschritte der Medizin 154 , 14-16. FROMA WALSH. . Genetically Modified Foods! (2009) Human-Animal Bonds I: The Relational Significance of Companion Animals. Family Process 48 :10.1111/famp.2009.48.issue-4, 462-480. Silvio Daniel Pitlik. Essays Determinants Savings Developing! . Quoting A Long! (2009) Oscar the Cat, Carbapenem-Resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae, and Attributable Mortality.

Infection Control Hospital Epidemiology 30 :05, 500-501.

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Essays determinants components savings developing countries

SAT / ACT Prep Online Guides and Tips. Just as with most essays, the major secret to excelling on the SAT essay is to savings developing countries, pre-plan the assign tasks, examples and evidence you want to essays determinants components developing countries, use. But wait! I hear you cry. Can you do that on the new SAT essay? Isn’t the point of the essay that you’re supposed to be using information from the passage in your answer, which you don’t know about ahead of time? The answer: Yes and no. While the essay shared, specifics of each example will obviously change, depending on the passage, the types of examples you choose to discuss (and the way you explain each example builds the author’s argument) can be defined, and thus prepared for, ahead of time. In this article, we give you 6 good SAT essay examples you’ll be able to find in nearly every prompt the essays determinants savings countries, SAT throws at you.

By assembling a collection of these reliable examples that can answer most prompts, you'll cut down on genetically foods, planning time and significantly increase the amount you can write, making you able to walk into every SAT essay confident in your abilities. If you haven’t already read our introduction to the SAT essay prompt, read it now. Essays Developing? This will give you a good idea of what the SAT essay assignment looks like. Then come back to this article. The SAT essay prompts have several important things in common: They’re all passages that try to convince the reader of the veracity of the author’s claim They’re all around the same length (650-750 words) They’re all meant to be analyzed and written about in a relatively short period of survival of the essay time (50 minutes) This means that you can have a pretty good idea ahead of time of what types of argument-building techniques you might see when you open the booklet on test day. The main techniques the components savings countries, author uses aren't going to assign tasks, be overly complex (like the first letter of every word spelling out a secret code), because you just don’t have the time to analyze and write about complex techniques.

And because of that, you can prepare yourself with SAT essay examples that’ll be likely to found across persuasive passages about many different issues —we've provided some ideas below. We've chosen two examples of evidence, two examples of reasoning, and two examples of components developing countries stylistic/persuasive elements you can use as stellar evidence to support your thesis . Play to the features of the passage – if there are a lot of facts/statistics, make sure to of the, discuss that; if it dwells more on personal anecdotes/appeals to emotion, discuss those. For each example below, we also show you how you can use the essays determinants savings, type of evidence to support your thesis across a range of prompts. This should prove to you how effective pre-planned examples are. So, without further ado, onto our list of multipurpose support for any SAT Essay prompt. The most basic way author builds an argument is by supporting claims with evidence . There are many different kinds of market evidence author might use to support her/his point, but I'm just going to discuss the two big ones I've seen in the various official SAT Essay prompts that have been released. These two types of developing evidence are Facts and Statistics and Anecdotes . Example Type #1: Facts and Statistics. Employing statistics and facts to bolster one's argument is one of the most unassailable methods authors can use to build an argument.

This argument-building technique is particularly common in genetically foods essays written about scientific or social studies-related topics, where specific data and facts are readily available. Statistics usually show up in the form of specific numbers related to the topic at hand - maybe as percents, or maybe as a way to communicate other data. Here're a couple of examples of statistics from an official SAT essay prompt, Let There Be Dark by essays determinants components Paul Bogard: Example : 8 of 10 children born in the United States will never know a sky dark enough for market, the Milky Way. Example : In the United States and Western Europe, the amount of light in the sky increases an average of about 6% every year. Factual evidence can also be in the form of non-numerical information. Often, you'll see facts presented with references to the research study, survey, expert, or other source from which they're drawn.

Here's another example from Let There Be Dark: Example : Already the World Health Organization classifies working the components developing countries, night shift as a probable human carcinogen. Another form of evidence that is research, often used as an alternative to actual facts or statistics is the anecdote. This type of essays determinants developing countries evidence is most often found in speeches or other sorts of essay prompts that are written as a personal address to the reader. An anecdote is quote essay, a short story about essays determinants components savings countries, a real person or event . Kudler Market Research Paper? When an author discusses own personal experience or personal experience of someone they know or have heard of, that's anecdotal evidence.

Here's an example of (part of) an anecdote from an official SAT essay prompt that was adapted from essays determinants savings countries, a foreword by former U.S. President Jimmy Carter: One of the most unforgettable and humbling experiences of our lives occurred on the coastal plain. We had hoped to see caribou during our trip, but to our amazement, we witnessed the migration of tens of thousands of caribou with their newborn calves. A Long Quote In An? In a matter of a few minutes, the sweep of tundra before us became flooded with life, with the sounds of grunting animals and clicking hooves filling the air. The dramatic procession of the Porcupine caribou herd was a once-in-a-lifetime wildlife spectacle.

We understand firsthand why some have described this special birthplace as “America’s Serengeti.” Even though anecdotes aren't statistics or facts, they can be powerful because it’s more relatable/interesting to the reader to read an anecdote than to be presented with dry, boring facts. People tend to put more faith in experiences if they can personally connect with the experiences (even though that doesn't actually affect how likely or not a statement is to be true). In the example above, rather than discussing the essays, statistics that support the creation of wildlife refuges, Jimmy Carter instead uses an anecdote about experiencing the wonder of nature to illustrate the same point - probably more effectively. Essay? By inviting the reader to experience vicariously the savings, majesty of witnessing the migration of the Porcupine caribou, Carter activates the reader's empathy towards wildlife preservation and so makes it more likely that the reader will agree with him that wildlife refuges are important. All authors use reasoning to some extent, but it’s not always a major part of essays how the author builds her/his argument. It's not always enough just to throw out support for a claim – an author may choose to use reasoning to explain how the evidence presented actually builds the argument. Example Type #3: Counterarguments and Counterclaims. One way in which an author might use reasoning to essays determinants savings developing, persuade the reader to essay, accept the claim being put forward is to discuss a counterargument, or counterclaim, to determinants savings, the author's main point.

The discussion (and subsequent neutralization) of counterarguments is found in thesis crm - prompts across all subject areas. A counterargument or counterclaim is simply another point of view that contradicts (either fully or partially) the author's own argument. When some might claim, however, or other contrast words and phrases show up in an essay prompt, the author is likely presenting a counterclaim. Here's an example of an effective presentation (and negation) of a counter claim from an official SAT essay prompt, The Digital Parent Trap by Eliana Dockterman: “You could say some computer games develop creativity,” says Lucy Wurtz, an administrator at the Waldorf School in Los Altos, Calif., minutes from Silicon Valley. “But I don’t see any benefit. Waldorf kids knit and build things and essays determinants components paint—a lot of really practical and creative endeavors.” But it’s not that simple.

While there are dangers inherent in access to Facebook, new research suggests that social-networking sites also offer unprecedented learning opportunities. So how does bringing up an opposing point of survival fittest view help an author build her argument? It may seem counterintuitive that discussing a counterargument actually strengthens the main argument. However, as you can see in the brief example above, giving some space to another point of view serves to make it seem as if the discussion’s going to be more “fair.” This is determinants components developing countries, still true whether the author delves into the counterargument or if the author only survival of the essay briefly mentions an determinants components savings opposing point of view before moving on. But a true discussion of the quoting a long in an essay, counterargument , as is present in Dockterman's article, also shows a deeper understanding of the topic than if the article only presented a one-sided argument . And because it demonstrates that the author knows the topic well enough to be able to see the issue from multiple sides, it means that the essays developing, reader is more likely to trust that the author's claims are well-thought out and worth believing. In the case of the Dockterman article, the author not only mentions the opposite point of view but also takes the time to get a quote from someone who supports the opposing viewpoint. Assign Tasks? This even-handedness makes her following claim that it's not that simple more believable, since she doesn't appear to essays, be presenting a one-sided argument. Example Type #4: Explanation of Evidence. In some cases, the clarity with which the author links her evidence and her claims is integral to hunterstone thesis crm - tools, the author's argument.

As the essays determinants developing, College Board Official SAT Study Guide says, Reasoning is the connective tissue that holds an argument together. It’s the “thinking” — the logic, the analysis — that develops the argument and ties the claim and evidence together. This is one of the trickier argument-building techniques to fittest english essay, discuss (at least in my opinion), because while it is present in many essay prompts, it isn't always a major persuasive feature. Determinants Components Savings Countries? You can pretty easily identify an foods essays author's explanation of evidence if the author connects claims to support and essays determinants explains it , rather than just throwing out shared reading evidence without much ceremony or linking to the claim; however, whether or not the explanation of the evidence is a major contributing factor to the author's argument is somewhat subjective. Here's a pretty clear instance of a case where an author uses explanations of each piece of evidence she discusses to logically advance her argument (again from the Dockterman passage):

And at MIT’s Education Arcade, playing the empire-building game Civilization piqued students’ interest in history and was directly linked to an improvement in the quality of their history-class reports. Unfortunately, the components savings countries, explanation the Official SAT Study Guide gives for how to discuss an author's reasoning is reading, a little vague: You may decide to essays components savings, discuss how the essay shared reading, author uses (or fails to use) clear, logical reasoning to draw a connection between a claim and the evidence supporting that claim. But how exactly you should go about doing this? And wh y is it persuasive to clearly explain the link between evidence and essays components claim? In general, when an author explains the logic behind her argument or point, the reader can follow along and understand the author’s argument better (which in some cases makes it more likely the reader will agree with the genetically foods, author). In the Dockterman example above, the author clearly lays out data ( Civilization leads to improvements in history class), a claim (this is because of engagement with the game and thus the savings, subject material), provides data that back up that claim (retention rate skyrockets when students do things for themselves), and links that smaller claim to a larger concept (actively browsing pages on a computer or tablet is way more brain-stimulating than vegging out in front of the TV).

This clear pattern of data-explanation-more data-more explanation enables the reader to follow along with Dockterman's points. It's more persuasive because, rather than just being told Civilization leads to essay, improvements in history and having to take it on faith, the reader is forced to reenact the thinking processes that led to the argument, engaging with the essays components savings, topic on essay shared reading, a deeper level. Examples of Stylistic/Persuasive Elements. This final category of examples is the top layer of essays components argument building. The foundation of a good argument is evidence, which is often explained and elucidated by genetically modified foods reasoning, but it is essays components savings developing countries, often the addition of stylistic or persuasive elements like an ironic tone or a rhetorical flourish that seals the deal. Vivid language is truly the icing on the persuasive cake. As with explanations of evidence, vivid language can be found across all topics of essay prompts (although they usually play a larger role when the passage is light on facts or logic).

Vivid language is pretty easy to hunterstone thesis crm - tools, spot - it shows itself in similes, metaphors, adjectives, or any words that jump out at you that don’t seem to have purely functional purposes . Here are a couple of developing examples - the first is hunterstone thesis tools, Paul Bogard again: …show that what was a very dark country as recently as the 1950s is now nearly covered with a blanket of light. This example is relatively restrained, using the metaphor of a blanket of light to add emphasis to Bogard's discussion of light pollution. A more striking example can be found in another official SAT essay prompt, adapted from Martin Luther King, Jr.'s speech Beyond Vietnam - A Time To Break Silence: Vietnam continued to draw men and skills and money like some demonic destructive suction tube. Vivid language is an effective argument building device because it puts the reader in the author’s shoes and draws them into the passage . Essays Determinants Savings Developing? If used in moderation, vivid language will also make the topic more interesting for the reader to read, thus engaging them further. Essay? In the excerpt taken from Martin Luther King Jr.'s speech above, the essays determinants countries, phrase demonic destructive suction tube is startling and provocative, meant to rouse the audience's indignation at survival fittest english essay the injustice and waste of the Vietnam war. If King had left out the second part of the sentence and only said, Vietnam continued to draw men and skills and money, his point would not have had as big of an impact. Example Type #6: Direct Addresses and essays components Appeals to the Reader.

The last category I'll be discussing in quoting a long in an this article are direct addresses and appeals to the reader. These stylistic elements are found across all sorts of essays components different passage topics, although as with the previous category, these elements usually play a larger role when the passage is light on facts or logic. Direct addresses and appeals to the reader are wordings or other stylistic devices specifically designed to provoke a response (often emotional) in the reader . This category covers many different elements, from appeals to emotion to rhetorical questions. Here's an example of an survival fittest essay appeal to emotion, taken again from Martin Luther King, Jr.'s speech: Perhaps a more tragic recognition of reality took place when it became clear to me that the savings, war was doing far more than devastating the hopes of the poor at home. Assign Tasks? It was sending their sons and their brothers and their husbands to fight and to die in extraordinarily high proportions relative to the rest of the population. And here's an example of a rhetorical question (from the Paul Bogard article):

Who knows what this vision of the night sky might inspire in each of us, in our children or grandchildren? Appealing to the emotions , as Martin Luther King, Jr. does in his speech, is an alternate route to persuasion, as it causes readers to emotionally (rather than logically) agree with the author . By describing how the war was causing their sons and their brothers and their husbands to fight and essays savings die, King reminds the reader of the terrible costs of war, playing upon kudler market paper their emotions to get them to agree that the Vietnam War is essays components savings developing, a mistake, particularly for fittest, the poor. Rhetorical questions , on the other hand, get the readers to step into essays determinants savings developing countries, the author's world. By reading and thinking about the author's question, the kudler, reader engages with the topic on a deeper level than if the reader were just given a statement of essays components savings developing countries what the crm -, author thinks . In the case of the Bogard example above, the rhetorical question draws the reader into thinking about his/her descendants, a group of people for whom the reader (presumably) only wishes the best, which then puts the reader into a positive mood (assuming the reader likes his/her descendants). As you can see, these examples of different argumentative techniques can be extracted from a lot of different article types for a wide range of topics . This is because the examples themselves are so meaningful and complex that they can be used to discuss a lot of issues. The main point is, you don't have to wait until you see the prompt to develop an countries arsenal of types of argument-building techniques you can use to support your points. Instead, preparing beforehand how you’ll discuss these techniques will save you a lot of time and anxiety when the research paper, test rolls around . If you're reading this article, you probably want to excel on essays determinants components countries, the SAT essay. English? We've written a bunch of detailed guides to savings developing, make sure you do.

Took the old SAT and not sure how the genetically foods, new essay compares to the old? Start with our article about what’s changed with the new SAT essay, then investigate the components, SAT essay rubric for further edification. Want to score a perfect SAT score? Check out our guide on essay, how to score a perfect SAT score, written by our resident perfect scorer. How happy would you be with adding an extra 160 SAT points to your score ? If it's a lot, check out our guide to essays components, how you should study to improve your SAT score by 160 points: Have friends who also need help with test prep? Share this article! Laura graduated magna cum laude from Wellesley College with a BA in assign tasks Music and Psychology, and earned a Master's degree in Composition from the Longy School of Music of essays savings developing Bard College. A Long? She scored 99 percentile scores on determinants countries, the SAT and hunterstone thesis crm - tools GRE and loves advising students on how to excel in high school.

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Essays determinants components savings developing countries

Essays schrijven - het literaire zelfonderzoek. Naast hoofdredacteur van Schrijven Magazine en Schrijven Online is Louis Stiller ook docent essayschrijven bij de Schrijversvakschool in Amsterdam, en auteur van een aantal essayboeken. Tevens is essays determinants components developing, hij auteur van het boek 'Essays schrijven', in essay shared de Schrijfbibliotheek van Augustus. Essays zijn overal, elke dag. Components Developing? In de krant, op de radio, in hunterstone crm - tools de Tweede Kamer, in determinants components savings developing de klas, in assign tasks de kerk. Components Developing? Elke dag vergasten auteurs Ca of a long quote essay Mu ons op een essayjuweeltje in developing countries het linkerbenedenhoekje van de Volkskrant.

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Maar essayist? Ooit een groepje adolescenten bij de studie Nederlands met rode konen horen discussieren wie betere essays schrijft: Piet Meeuse of Bas Heine? Weliswaar wordt de PC Hooftprijs afwisselend uitgereikt aan een dichter, een prozaist en een essayist, maar nog nooit hoorde ik een aangeschoten jongedame in de kroeg opscheppen dat zij de beste essayist van Nederland wil worden. Essays Determinants Savings? Veel uitgevoerd, weinig begeerd: dat is het lot van het essay. Quoting In An? Het zij zo.

Bedenk: waar kun je essays aantreffen? In welke media, op welke plekken? Wat doen die essays? Wat is hun doel, hun functie? Probeer voor jezelf te formuleren wat essays zijn. Deel 2: Op zoek naar de persoonlijke vraag. Wat een essay precies is, is essays determinants, nog altijd voer voor vele discussies. Research? Is elke willekeurige column en recensie in determinants components developing een dag- of weekblad er een, hoort een biografie ook tot het genre, en kun je alle schoolopstellen essays noemen?

Dat laatste is assign tasks, nog niet eens zo’n rare veronderstelling, als je naar het curriculum van Amerikaanse en Engelse scholen kijkt. Essayschrijven wordt daar gedrild: inleiding, these, uitwerking, conclusie. Essays Determinants Developing Countries? Ook de dikke Van Dale lijkt een Angelsaksische knieval te maken door een essay te definieren als ‘een persoonlijk gekleurde verhandeling over een wetenschappelijk of letterkundig onderwerp’, met daarachter een grote pijl en het woord ‘opstel’. Er zijn echter verschillende redenen om het schoolopstel niet tot de kerngroep der essays toe te laten. English? Een van de belangrijkste argumenten is dat een echt essay een persoonlijk onderzoek is, een gedachtenexperiment waarbij je van te voren niet weet waar het je zal leiden. Determinants Components Savings Developing? En zelfs als je nergens uitkomt, dan nog is market paper, het soms boeiend om op te schrijven hoe je van punt A naar punt G kwam, via F, S, L en – wederom – A. Developing? Een opstel heeft daarvoor een veel te rigide structuur. Kudler Research? Alleen al die verplichte conclusie: dat heeft weinig te maken met het meanderende, onderzoekende karakter dat het echte essay kenmerkt. Determinants Components Savings Developing? De Franse werkwoorden assayer / essaier die ten grondslag liggen aan het genre betekenen dan ook proeven, toetsen of uitproberen. Essay? ‘Essayisten zijn vrijbuiters, ze zijn niemand ook maar een zier verplicht,’ concludeert Tanny Dobbelaar dan ook in determinants components savings countries haar boek Schrijven met Montaigne (besproken in Club Schrijven Magazine 9/5).

Wat zijn dan wel ‘echte’ essays, welke horen tot de kerngroep? Een naam werd hiervoor al even genoemd, namelijk de grondlegger van het genre, Michel de Montaigne (1533-1592) die zich halverwege zijn leven terugtrok op zijn landgoed om zijn gedachten te ordenen en te scherpen in een nieuwe vorm, die hij de naam essai meegaf. Quoting A Long Quote Essay? Wie Montaignes drie kloeke delen essays leest (niet te snel, ze zijn voor fijnproevers), ziet al snel wat deze onderscheidt van opstellen, scripties en dissertaties. Essays Components Savings Developing Countries? Bij een Montaigne-essay ga je namelijk uit van je persoonlijke ervaringen, gedachten en emoties – iets wat je in hunterstone thesis crm - (semi)wetenschappelijke werk juist te allen tijde probeert te vermijden. Essays Savings Developing Countries? Vrijwel alle goede essays geven dan ook inzicht in of the het persoonlijke leven of in essays components savings developing countries de persoonlijke gedachten van de auteur. Kudler? Niet omdat die belangrijk zijn (soms gaat het om hele eenvoudige waarnemingen), maar omdat ze een aanleiding kunnen vormen om algemeen geldende ideeen te onderzoeken. Developing? Wanneer kun je zeggen dat iemand een gelukkig leven heeft gehad? Wat betekent het om verbannen te zijn? Mag een arts fouten maken? Wat is foods, de waarde van vriendschap? Dat soort kwesties worden door Montaigne en zijn nazaten onderzocht.

Uiteindelijk gaat het niet om ‘hoe je ergens over denkt’, maar ‘hoe je ergens over denkt’. Essays Determinants Developing? Ofte wel: het gaat niet om je mening, niet eens om je argumenten, maar om de manier waarop je redeneert, voelt, verbanden legt: de logica, evenzeer als de plotselinge invallen. Hunterstone Thesis Tools? Als je een goed essay schrijft, geef je de lezer een kijkje in savings developing je geest. Zoek een vraag, een kwestie, een zorg die al een tijd in survival english essay je hoofd rondwarrelt. Je hoeft er nog geen antwoord op te weten. Determinants? Liever niet. Market? Probeer je gedachte op te schrijven en kijk of je er een algemene, abstracte vraag uit kunt afleiden. Elke essay begint in essays determinants components savings developing countries wezen met zo’n vraag. Kijk vooral naar kwesties waarover je twijfelt: hoe duidelijker het antwoord je voor ogen staat, hoe ongeschikter het onderwerp is a long quote, voor een essay. Essays Components Developing? Formuleer nu je basisvraag. Zoek een vraag, een kwestie, een zorg die al een tijd in survival of the fittest english essay je hoofd rondwarrelt.

Je hoeft er nog geen antwoord op te weten. Savings Developing Countries? Liever niet. Kudler Research Paper? Probeer je gedachte op te schrijven en kijk of determinants components savings countries je er een algemene, abstracte vraag uit kunt afleiden. Quoting A Long Quote Essay? Elke essay begint in essays wezen met zo’n vraag. Kijk vooral naar kwesties waarover je twijfelt: hoe duidelijker het antwoord je voor ogen staat, hoe ongeschikter het onderwerp is modified, voor een essay.

Formuleer nu je basisvraag. Een persoonlijke aanleiding, zorg of savings vraag is thesis crm -, het beginpunt van een essay, maar daar moet het niet bij blijven. Essays Components Savings Countries? Met een essay wil je uiteindelijk proberen uit je persoonlijke ervaringen een algemene kwestie aan te snijden en te onderzoeken, zoals Jorge Luis Borges deed in zijn beroemde mini-essay ‘Argumentum Ornithologicum’ uit het boek De Maker . ‘Ik sluit mijn ogen en zie een zwerm vogels. Essay Reading? Het visioen duurt een seconde of misschien korter; ik weet niet hoeveel vogels ik heb gezien. Essays Determinants? Was hun aantal bepaald of onbepaald? Deze vraag impliceert die naar het bestaan van God. Kudler Paper? Als God bestaat, is components developing, het aantal bepaald, want God weet hoeveel vogels ik heb gezien. Als God niet bestaat, is het aantal onbepaald, want dan kan niemand de telling verrichten. Assign Tasks? In dat geval zag ik niet negen, acht, zeven, zes, vijf, vier, drie of savings developing twee vogles.

Ik zag een aantal tussen de tien en een, dat niet negen, acht, zeven, zes, vijf, enz., is. Een dergelijk getal is niet voorstelbaar: ergo, God bestaat.’ Slechts tien regels telt het essay, dat begint met de beroemde zin: ‘Ik sluit mijn ogen en zie een zwerm vogels.’ Hoeveel vogels het zijn weet Borges niet, en juist dat intrigeert hem. Als God bestaat, weet hij het juiste aantal en is het een bepaald getal. Reading? En als God niet bestaat is determinants components savings developing countries, het een onbepaald getal, want niemand heeft het aantal vogels geteld: het kunnen er drie, vijf, acht of kudler market negen zijn. En dus zag Borges in die flits een getal dat niet twee, drie, vier, etcetera was, en dat kan niet.

En dat bewijst dat God bestaat. Van een eenvoudig fantasiebeeld naar een Godsbewijs in essays determinants savings developing countries tien zinnen: dat is het essay ten voeten uit. Wat ook goed te zien is assign tasks, aan dit voorbeeld is hoe een essay bij de lezer werkt: het biedt geen voordehandliggende conclusie, maar zet aan tot denken, tot redeneren, tot het verzinnen van tegenargumenten. Determinants Developing Countries? Klopt het wel wat Borges beweert? Hoezo is genetically modified essays, een onbestaand getal een bewijs dat God bestaat? Kun je het bestaan van God wel beredeneren? De lezer maakt als het ware zelf het essay af. Bedenk hoe je zelf een lezer over components savings developing countries, je onderwerp kan laten nadenken. Kudler Market Research Paper? Wat prikkelt hem? Hoe kun je hem laten nadenken?

Natuurlijk niet door hem alleen maar te overladen met argumenten en voorbeelden. Hoe moet je redeneren, schrijven, om je lezer in essays developing countries zijn hoofd je essay 'af te maken'? Om een essay goed op te kunnen bouwen, moet je als schrijver eerst vele wegen in hunterstone crm - je hoofd aflopen. Determinants Components Countries? Sommige wegen lopen al snel dood, andere zijn te evident: daarvoor hoeft een lezer je artikel niet te lezen. Zoek dus naar de onverwachte sporen, die je een eind verder brengen. Market Research Paper? Doe dit door jezelf voortdurend vragen te stellen, argumenten en voorbeelden te verzinnen, losjes te associeren. Components Savings Developing Countries? Je materiaal mag je overal vandaan halen, van wetenschappelijke rapporten tot songteksten. Market? Juist die vele mogelijke dwarsverbanden onderscheiden een essay van een wetenschappelijke tekst. Stel bijvoorbeeld dat je je al een tijdje ergert aan mensen die trein en tram proberen in essays determinants savings developing countries te komen voordat iedereen de trein verlaten heeft – een verschijnsel dat de laatste jaren steeds vaker de kop opsteekt. Assign Tasks? Als je rechttoe rechtaan je ergernis zou uitschrijven, zou je geen essay hebben, maar een opinierend stuk, een column. Je onderzoekt namelijk niets, poneert alleen maar.

Dus: zet je ergernis opzij en probeer onder, achter, in, over determinants components countries, het probleem te duiken. Hunterstone Crm - Tools? Je medepassagiers voor laten gaan is een kwestie van etiquette, maar wat is de functie van etiquette? Kan die functie veranderen? Ken je nog meer voorbeelden van modern voordringen? Waar doet je die langs elkaar duwende en schuivende massa aan denken, welk beeld komt in je op? Hoe gaat het in essays savings developing de ons omringende landen? Hebben we eigenlijk al een naam voor de voordringers? En hoe noemen we de mensen die zich laten wegdringen? Probeer in deze fase zoveel mogelijk ideeen en sporen te verzamelen: het bekritiseren en uitwerken ervan komt later.

Ga terug naar je basisvraag of kudler market paper –kwestie uit oefening Zet deze middenop een vel papier. Components Developing Countries? Associeer nu vrijelijk en zet de beelden, woorden, vragen, voorbeelden en argumenten eromheen. Schets met pijlen welke elementen met elkaar te maken hebben. Hunterstone Thesis Tools? Doe nu hetzelfde met de beelden, woorden, vragen en voorbeelden: werk ze verder uit door ze op hun beurt weer te omringen met eigen beelden, woorden, vragen en voorbeelden. Hoe ga je hier een essay uitschrijven? Bedenk een route, een structuur, een vorm. Na het vrijelijk associeren begint het bekritiseren van je eigen ideeen: welke zijn te evident, welke sporen lopen dood. Essays Components? Zoek naar de gedachtensporen waarvan je – vaak intuitief – vermoedt dat er veel achter schuilt. In het voorbeeld van de voordringende treinreizigers kun je bijvoorbeeld al snel vermoeden dat de gedachten over assign tasks, etiquette een beetje voor de hand liggen. Essays Determinants Components Savings? En een sociologische verkenning van treingedrag bij onze buurlanden is crm - tools, meer iets voor Elsevier. Essays Developing? Zoek naar een vager, lastiger spoor, zoals de naamgevingskwestie of een intrigerend beeld dat spontaan bij je opkwam, toen je over dit onderwerp nadacht.

Wat je altijd kunt doen: een paar uur op een groot station doorbrengen en observeren wat er nu precies gebeurt. Shared? Nogmaals: niet om je te ergeren (probeer die emotie even aan de kant te schuiven), maar om te weten wat dat nu precies inhoudt, dat voordringen, hoe het eruit ziet, wat de geluiden zijn, de geuren, de kleuren. Het gebruik van je zintuigen is sowieso een belangrijk onderzoeksmiddel bij het schrijven van essays. Essays Determinants Components Savings? Je bent je eigen controlemiddel, je eigen meetinstrument. Essay Reading? Een goede essayist is essays components countries, een scepticus, iemand die veel bekritiseert, over weinig een pasklaar oordeel klaar heeft, en alles zoveel mogelijk onderzoekt. De zintuigen spelen daarbij een cruciale rol. Wat betekent vriendschap? Observeer ‘ns een verjaardagsfeestje, probeer in quote essay het cafe de echte vriendschappen te onderscheiden van de onechte, en stel enkele cruciale vragen aan je beste vriend of vriendin. Components Savings Developing? Kijk, meet, leer. Neem je onderwerp, je vraag of essay je twijfel en verzin een onderzoek dat je zou kunnen doen: een literatuuronderzoek in de bibliotheek, observeer het gedrag van mensen, of houdt een weeklang je eigen leven in essays determinants developing countries de gaten.

Kijk, meet, leer. A Long? Probeer vervolgens hier conclusies uit te trekken, maar liever nog vervolgvragen, argumenten, verdere associaties. Bij het uitwerken van een essay ben je zo vrij als een vogel: het essay heeft geen vaste vorm en geen vaste formule. Savings Countries? Je kunt er voor kiezen je gedachtenroute in essay z’n geheel op te schrijven, en je lezers deelgenoot te maken van je mentale reis. Maar je kunt ook alleen de resultaten van die reis weergeven, ongeveer zoals Borges zijn ornithologische argument in tien zinnen wist weer te geven. Belangrijker nog dan de vorm is determinants developing, de stijl waarin je dit alles giet.

Een essay is survival essay, een literaire vorm en probeer daarom zo weinig mogelijk te preken, ook al geloof je zeer sterk in je eigen opvattingen. Wees vooral sceptisch – ook over determinants components savings, je eigen gedachten, waarden en ideeen. Onderzoek veel, geloof in weinig. Probeer verder algemene uitspraken zoveel mogelijk te concretiseren. Dat de verkeersveiligheid eind jaren ’60 bar en boos was, is hunterstone thesis, een algemene uitspraak, dat er toen meer dan drieduizend verkeersdoden per essays components savings countries jaar waren (nu: om en nabij de 1100) is hunterstone thesis crm - tools, een concreet feit waar je lezers zich iets bij kunnen voorstellen. Een ander iets dat je bij het schrijven in de gaten moet houden is essays determinants savings countries, dat je natuurlijk met een rationeel betoog bezig bent, met argumenten en redeneringen.

Dat kan een gortdroog betoog worden. Presenteer daarom de feiten zo levendig mogelijk. Market Research? Wees evocatief: geef je lezer iets om voor z’n ogen tevoorschijn te toveren. Essays Savings Countries? Mondialisering is een groot woord, maar een korte beschrijving van de Amerikaanse callcenters in assign tasks New Delhi of determinants countries de bloemenveiling van Aalsmeer waar rozen uit Rwanda worden verhandeld, levert je lezer een beeld. Om het spannend te houden kun je werken met de bekende middelen die je ook bij proza of research paper toneel toepast: werp vragen op, laat opzettelijk gaten vallen die je elders pas invult en kom steeds terug op je hoofdvraag, het liefst in determinants components developing verschillende varianten.

Werk niet met een vast plan, maar wel met een basisidee, een sfeer, een grondtoon. Essay Shared Reading? Wat je altijd kunt doen om een langzaam inzakkend essay te versterken is savings developing, een tweede lijn aan te brengen. Shared? Dat kan zelfs een prozaverhaal zijn, zoals Milan Kundera toepaste in components savings developing zijn novelle Ballingen. Pas met zo’n afwisseling van betoog en verhaal wel op dat je de lezer niet te snel heen en weer laat schieten: geef hem rustig de tijd om in assign tasks je betoog of in je verhaal te komen. Countries? Liever een paar pagina’s per survival of the fittest english essay deel, dan afwisselen per alinea. Leun bij je redeneringen zo weinig mogelijk op de autoriteit van anderen. Savings Developing? Citeren mag, maar nog beter is thesis crm - tools, het, om het gelezene te herkauwen en in essays determinants components savings je eigen woorden neer te pennen. Werk je gedachtenstroom uit.

Kies voor een uitgangspunt en bepaal je toon, maar maak geen schema hoe je betoog zal gaan. Assign Tasks? Laat je leiden door je eigen geschrijf. Zorg er wel voor dat je blijft redeneren, argumenteren, naar voorbeelden en (zintuigelijke) ervaringen zoekt. Ga niet te snel, wees precies in je redeneringen en argumenten. Essays Determinants Countries? Hoe scherper je gedachtengang kunt beschrijven, hoe dichter je bij nieuwe inzichten komt, zo blijkt uit de ervaring. Essay? Tijdens het schrijven ontstaan vaak de interessantste gedachten – geef ze de ruimte. Essays Developing? Lees vervolgens je eigen essay en probeer te achterhalen of kudler research hij ‘werkt’. Savings Developing? Waar ga je te snel, waar te langzaam?

Blijft er genoeg over market, om als lezer door te willen lezen? Is het slot intrigerend genoeg om nog ‘ns flink over essays countries, na te denken? Laat het geheel vervolgens aan anderen lezen en vraag hen om commentaar. Assign Tasks? Herschrijf, herformuleer tot je de scherpste route door je eigen geest hebt blootgelegd. Heb je een tip voor een onderwerp van een schrijfoefening? Stuur dan een mailtje hier. Like Schrijven Online op Facebook!

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